The prostate is a small gland located under the bladder and in front of the rectum. The bladder holds your urine. The urethra runs through the centre of the prostate from the bladder till the penis, letting urine flow out from the body. The gland’s main function is to produce fluid for semen to nourish and transport sperm cells. The prostate secretes fluid that nourishes and protects sperm. During ejaculation, the prostate squeezes this fluid into the urethra, and it’s flushed out with sperm as semen.

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BPH and Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancers in men. It usually affects men in their 60s, but is now progressively found in men of a lower age group as well. The common problems arising in this gland include benign (non-cancerous) enlargement, or cancer of the prostate. The risk factors include older age, family history and obesity.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate gland. The prostate gland surrounds the urethra. Urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. As the prostate gets bigger in size, it might squeeze or partly block the urethra. This often can cause problems with urination.

A tumour is the abnormal growth and formation of mass of prostate. Some tumours are not likely to be life-threatening and others can be cancerous and potentially life-threatening. Sometimes, the cancer can be localized, and confined within the prostate. In other cases, the cancer can be present in more than one location of the prostate.

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